BEST IELTS General Reading Test 323

BEST IELTS General Reading Test 323

IELTS GENERAL READING TEST – PASSAGE – 1

IELTS General Reading Test

IELTS GENERAL READING TEST

READING PASSAGE – 1

A) Before 1992, higher education in the UK was split into polytechnics and universities. The polytechnics provided skilled people for the industries situated in their region – they focused on vocational and professional subjects. For many years, polytechnics didn’t have the same influence as universities. However, by 1992, educational standards in polytechnics were as good as universities and many became universities. Many of these universities also offer diploma courses.

B) A number of universities were established in the 19th and early 20th centuries as a result of the industrial revolution and they began training highly skilled people for industry. These universities were generally established in major industrial centres such as Birmingham, Manchester, Newcastle and other big cities. Sometimes called modern or civic universities, these universities have the advantage of well-established libraries, academic specialities and accommodation that is close to campus. These universities are often able to provide accommodation for all first year students.\

IELTS General Reading Test

C) A number of new universities were established in the 1960s when children born after World War 2 entered the higher education system. The government decided to expand higher education to educate these students. The advantage of these universities is that they are well planned and most of the living and teaching facilities are on campus.

D) Today in Britain there are 124 state universities, but only one private university – the University of Buckingham. Before the 19th century there were only six universities: Oxford. Cambridge, Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow and St Andrews. Universities were usually linked to the Church and were established between the 13th and 15th centuries. They often have good reputations, beautiful old buildings, traditions and usually offer a wide range of courses.

IELTS General Reading Test

E) These universities are made of several smaller colleges which come together to form a single university under a senate committee. There are only seven of these institutions in the UK – London University, Oxford and Cambridge are examples. Specialist colleges offer a range of courses in one discipline – for example agriculture, music, design or medicine. Some of these colleges may only offer- postgraduate programmes. These colleges are usually small, with a limited number of students.

IELTS General Reading Test

F) Universities have different locations. The older universities often have teaching facilities and student accommodation situated close together. Students in these usually socialise in a particular part of the city and there is a strong sense of community despite being in a large city. Some city campuses are situated on the outskirts of the city.

IELTS General Reading Test

These very often have the space to provide sports facilities and accommodation. They are also close enough to the city for students to enjoy city life. Some universities, notably Oxford and Cambridge, have a collegiate structure – that is, students are members of colleges within the university. These colleges are the centre of social life and academic life. Academic staff usually live at the college, and students and staff enjoy easy relationships.

Questions 1-6

The Reading Passage has six paragraphs A–F.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

List of Phrases

  1. Campus types
  2. Old universities
  3. Universities during the industrial revolution
  4. University colleges
  5. Rising standards in higher education
  6. The second expansion
  7. Former polytechnics

1. Section A ……….

2. Section B ……….

3. Section C ……….

4. Section D ……….

5. Section E ……….

6. Section F ……….

IELTS General Reading Test

Questions 7-10

Answer the questions below with words taken from the Reading Passage.

Use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

7. Why were several universities established during the 19th and 20th centuries? 

8. What did the government decide to do in the 1960s? 

9. What qualification do many former polytechnics provide? 

10. What are colleges the centre of? 

IELTS General Reading Test

Questions 11-14

Classify the following descriptions as referring to

OU (old universities)

CU (civic universities)

NU (new universities)

FP (former polytechnics)

UC (university colleges)

NB. You may use any answer more than once.

11. have accommodation and educational facilities on campus.  

12. provide various courses on a single subject.  

13. have lecturers and students living in the same place.  

14. were linked to religious institutions.  

IELTS General Reading Test

ANSWERS ARE BELOW

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BEST IELTS General Reading Test 323
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IELTS General Reading Test

ANSWERS

1. vii

2. iii

3. vi

4. ii

5. iv

6. i

7. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

8. EXPAND HIGHER EDUCATION

9. VOCATIONAL AND PROFESSIONAL

10.  SOCIAL LIFE/ACADEMIC LIFE

11. NU

12. UC

13. OU

14. OU

IELTS General Reading Test

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