BEST IELTS General Reading Test 328

BEST IELTS General Reading Test 328

IELTS GENERAL READING TEST 328 – PASSAGE – 2

IELTS General Reading Test

IELTS GENERAL READING TEST – 328

READING PASSAGE – 2

Read the text below and answer questions 15-20.

Maintaining a safe environment for employees working on computers

Workstation Furniture

The work desk or work surface should be big enough to allow the user to arrange the screen, keyboard and documents etc. in a flexible way. It should be stable and positioned so that it’s comfortable when an employee uses a document holder but also big enough to let the user work comfortably and to alter their position.

The working environment

You need to assess noise levels. The equipment should not be so noisy that it distracts the user. If you cannot use quieter equipment consider soundproofing or moving the equipment. You could use partitions between noisy equipment and the rest of the workstation as an alternative.

IELTS General Reading Test

Lighting is also an important consideration. Surrounding windows must have curtains or blinds which users can adjust to prevent reflected glare. If needed provide users with lighting appropriate to their tasks and particular workstation. Users should have control over their lighting to prevent reflected glare.

Temperature wise the equipment should not give out so much heat that the user becomes uncomfortable so monitor this. It’s also important that you maintain ventilation and you control humidity so that it is at a level which keeps the user comfortable.

IELTS General Reading Test

Task design and rest breaks

Good design of the task can be as important as the right choice of furniture and equipment. Whenever possible you should design jobs so that employees have a mix of activities and some control over which tasks they perform and when. You should match staffing levels to workload so that individuals are neither overworked nor underworked and give employees some say in the way is carried out and the planning that goes into it.

An employee’s need for rest breaks will vary depending on the type of work they are doing and how intensely they are working. As a general rule however short, frequent breaks are better than longer, less frequent ones. A 5-10 minutes break after 50-60 minutes work is better than 15-20 minute break after two hours. The employee should at times have a choice over when to take breaks and they should be encouraged to do non-work activities during their break ideally away from the workstation.

IELTS General Reading Test

Questions 15-20

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the text for each answer.

Furniture

Desk size should facilitate

• The flexible arrangement of computer items

• The easy use of a holder of documents

• Change in the user’s (15)……………………

Environment

Employers should

• Move, soundproof, or separate noisy equipment using (16)…………………

• Reduce glare from nearby (17)……………….e.g. using adjustable blinds

• Provide suitable lighting

• Ensure a comfortable temperature

• Check (18)…………….from equipment

• Check air flow and quality in working area

Tasks and breaks

Employees should have

• A variety of tasks to choose from

• A fair workload

• An input into task achievement and (19)……………..

• Regular short breaks at times of their own (20)……………..

• Breaks not located at their workstation

IELTS General Reading Test

Read the text below and answer questions 21-27.

Using portable ladders

Employers need to oversee all ladders that are owned by their company. Detailed visual inspections should be carried out on a regular basis, and they should have an up to date record of these. Before starting a job employers are also responsible for ensuring any ladder is the right length to meet the needs of the task reaching out from the very top of a ladder is highly dangerous.

Once you get a ladder you as a user of the ladder should conduct a pre use check each working day. Conducting pre use checks should have been part of your training and should be done in accordance with the manufacturer’s guidelines. When doing a check it is important to focus on the steps and make sure they are not loose as this could cause an accident. Similarly a cracked joint in the ladder could cause it to fail.

IELTS General Reading Test

Almost all falls from ladders happen because the ladder moves unexpectedly. The key factor in preventing falls from ladders is to ensure your ladder is stable whilst being used. First make sure that you choose level ground on which to set up you ladder. There are specially designed tools you can use to ensure this – don’t just use a piece of wood. Second check the ground surface is dirt free and solid so the feet can grip and the ladder doesn’t sink.

Before you go up your ladder look at the surrounding environment. Make sure the ladder cannot be struck by vehicles. If necessary safeguard the area by placing red and white cones around it. Ensure it will not be pushed over by other hazards such as opening doors. Doors and windows may need to be secured where possible. Finally think about the hazards to the general pubic and make sure they cannot walk underneath it or get too near to it. A danger sign at the base is often the best way of doing this.

To secure the ladder tie it to a suitable point such as a window or railing making sure both sides are attached. Where this is not practical secure it to the wall near the base of the ladder with ties; avoid using blocks to wedge the ladder in place as they can easily move.

IELTS General Reading Test

Questions 21-27

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the text.

Safe ladder use

21. Employers should keep a ……………….. of ladder safety inspections.

22. Employers should check the ……………….. of a ladder is suitable for the job.

23. The …………………. and joints of the ladder need particularly close inspection.

24. Make sure the ………………… of the ladder are resting on a clean, hard surface.

25. Protect the ladder from vehicles by using ………………..

26. Use a …………………… to keep people away from the ladder.

27. Keep the ladder in place using ties rather than ………………

IELTS General Reading Test

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IELTS General Reading Test

BEST IELTS General Reading Test 328
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ANSWERS

15. POSITION

16. PARTITIONS

17. WINDOWS

18. HEAT

19. PLANNING

20. CHOICE

21. RECORD

22. LENGTH

23. STEPS

24. FEET

25. CONES

26. SIGN

27. BLOCKS

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