BEST IELTS General Reading Test 400

BEST IELTS General Reading Test 400


IELTS General Reading Test



Read the text below and answer Questions 15-22.

Mechanical lifting equipment

If some simple precautions are taken, lifting equipment that is essential for construction and engineering projects can be used safely. Forklift trucks, lifting trolleys, mobile and fixed cranes and all their parts are classed as lifting equipment.

All equipment used for lifting or moving heavy loads should be properly constructed. For example, equipment bearing a CE mark has been constructed to international standards. In addition, equipment that meets these standards will have documented instructions for tests that should be adhered to prior to using the equipment. Certain types of machinery, such as cranes, must be inspected by a qualified engineer on a six-monthly basis.

IELTS General Reading Test

For operations that use cranes, a formal lift plan must be prepared. Lift plans are a type of risk assessment, whereby the possible dangers of the operation are carefully calculated. and control measures are identified and put in place. Before any lift proceeds. the plan should be talked over with the lifting crew during what is often referred to as a ‘Tool Box Talk’ (TBT). This is an important opportunity for them to ask questions about their role in the operation.

When heavy loads are being moved around, there are some practical things that should be done to prevent accidents. Firstly, if a load needs to be moved where workers or members of the public are present, the area must have barriers or other means to ensure no one is allowed to walk under the load while it is moving. Secondly, someone called a banksman should always be used when moving heavy loads by crane. As a crane driver often cannot see the load, especially during touch—down, this person tells him or her which way to move it.

It is very unusual for machinery such as cranes to fail. However, it is all too easy to ignore the importance of the secondary equipment. This refers to those items that are attached between the mechanical lifting machine and the load that is being lifted. Chains, slings, shackles and rigging are all examples of secondary lifting equipment, and it is perhaps surprising to note that most injuries occur due to faults or weaknesses in these items. It is essential that a six-monthly visual inspection is carried 0th to ensure there are no signs of wear or damage to the slings and shackles.

IELTS General Reading Test

Questions 15-22

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer.

Lifting equipment

– must be manufactured well, e.g., have a (15)………. on it

– may need to undergo (16)………. before use

– may need a regular check by an (17)……….

Lift plans

– relevant to cranes

– used to establish and carry out (18)………. for any risks

– a (19)………. can be consulted during a ‘Tool Box Talk’

IELTS General Reading Test

Preventing accidents with heavy loads

– use objects such as (20)………. to make sure the load doesn’t pass over anyone’s head

– appoint a (21)………. to give verbal directions to the crane driver

Secondary lifting equipment (chains, slings, etc.)

– more likely to cause (22)……….

IELTS General Reading Test

Read the text below and answer Questions 23-27.

Dealing with customer complaints

When a customer complains, it is usually for a good reason. Here are some strategies that will help you handle a customer complaint in a smooth and professional manner.

When a customer presents you with a complaint. keep in mind that the issue is not personal. Aiming to win the confrontation accomplishes nothing. He or she has usually made a purchase that did not meet their expectations – a product, service, or maybe a combination of the two. A worker who remains in control of their emotions deals from a position of strength.

Let the customer say what they need to. Respond with phrases such as, ‘Hmm’, ‘I see’, and ‘Tell me more’. Then be quiet. As the customer expresses their annoyance yet sees you are not reacting, he or she will begin to relax. The customer needs to do this before being able to hear your solution.

IELTS General Reading Test

When the customer has calmed down and feels you have heard his or her side, start asking questions. Be careful not to give scripted replies but use this as an opportunity to start a genuine conversation, building a relationship of trust with your customer. To help you understand the situation, get as many details as possible.

Take charge of the situation and let the customer know what you are going to do to solve the problem. One thing to keep in mind is that you should know what you can and cannot do within the policy of the business you work for. The cost could be minimal — maybe a simple upgrade on the customer’s next purchase or a small gift certificate. A simple gesture like this could result in a word-of-mouth recommendation to others, while making a promise you cannot commit to will only set you back.

IELTS General Reading Test

Questions 23-27

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the text for each answer.

Strategies for dealing with customer complaints
StrategyYour approachThe customer…
Stay calmRemember it is not a direct attack on you. Do not try to (23)………. the argument.usually had (24)………. that were not fulfilled.
Listen wellUse short phrases in reply.cannot recognise a (25)………. until calm
Get the factsAsk questions and begin a proper conversation.will start to trust you.
Suggest actionBe sure of your company’s (26)………. on complaints.may well make a verbal (27)………. in future.
IELTS General Reading Test


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BEST IELTS General Reading Test 400

IELTS General Reading Test


15. (CE)MARK








23. WIN





IELTS General Reading Test

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